Frozen faces: 15 icy images that show what it’s like to lose control of your expressions


Author: Geoffrey ChangPublished: 16 July 2015

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Emotions of PD

What if you suddenly couldn’t smile? Or frown? Facial ‘masking’ is one of the common symptoms of Parkinson’s and – as photographer Chris Crossley shows in his stunning ‘Concrete’ images – losing this essential form of human communication is no laughing matter

Since being diagnosed with Parkinson’s in 1997, Australian Chris Crossley has longed for a creative outlet to express himself – where the disease might otherwise not allow him. He returned to his childhood passion of photography, and after perfecting his art, created these powerful images that capture the emotions of Parkinson’s. We spoke to Chris about his love affair with the camera, the difficulty of expressing emotion with Parkinson’s and how his creativity helps him cope with the condition.

How did you get into photography?

I have always had a love for imagery. When I was about 12 years old, I bought a Polaroid, and our on-and-off love affair began. I bought my first serious camera as an apprentice graphic reproductionist (in the print industry). It was there that I learnt about colour, black and white, and analogue 4-colour combining. In other words, I was Photoshop before it existed!

How long have you been doing it for?

I have been seriously devoting my time photography since 2010. Before then I was what I classed as a ‘point, press and pray’ photographer. Before that I played all sorts of sports, I swam, I loved drawing and clay work.

How did Parkinson’s affect your work?

Parkinson’s doesn’t impact on my ability to take photos, but it did affect my job as a graphic reproductionist. As Parkinson’s began to affect my fine motor skills, it made me too slow to complete my given tasks. I could still do them, but not at the speed required, especially when ‘time is money’. We still have value – as hopefully these photographs prove.

“I won’t lie, there are many down times but I have a choice – do nothing and achieve nothing, or battle on; I chose the battle”

Does it hinder your creativity?

It makes all the other things that I did, apart from photography, a chore and no longer a means of relaxation. I love drawing but it is so slow and I need to concentrate so hard that the sheer joy of flowing strokes becomes a battle.

How has it affected you outlook on life?

I won’t lie, there are many down times but I have a choice – do nothing and achieve nothing, or battle on; I chose the battle.



Explain the concept behind your ‘Concrete’ project. Why did you decide to do it?

Since I picked up the camera again, I would occasionally ask my subject if they wouldn’t mind placing their face in water and looking at the camera. I just liked the effect. Then early last year it dawned on me, “I was making people cry because I wouldn’t, couldn’t, real men don’t cry!” So then I thought why not do something with the images to raise awareness of Parkinson’s disease. I call it ‘Concrete’ after a little poem that I wrote.

The photos are incredibly stark representations – how did you get the reactions out of your subjects for each emotion?

Rather than make it about myself and just control or stage the emotion that was produced, I told each model to choose their emotion beforehand without telling me. I then directed them to place their faces with their eyes open into water and look up portraying that emotion. The emotion would then be real, not staged. The models only told me which emotion they were trying to convey after the photo shoot. No more than eight shots were taken during the shoot because I could actually see the change from no control to full control show on their faces.

The aim was to give the ‘normal’ person I was photographing the small feeling of what the loss of control was like, even for a couple of seconds, and for me to capture it.

How did you get the idea to capture Parkinson’s in this way?

Parkinson’s makes us stare and show less emotion on our faces than we would normally. None of the subjects had Parkinson’s. The aim was to give the ‘normal’ person I was photographing the small feeling of what the loss of control was like, even for a couple of seconds, and for me to capture it.



What is the effect gained by using the water technique?

The water acts as a distraction. Try opening your eyes with a face full of water and express an emotion like happiness, for example – it is very hard. Without the distraction of the water they would have greater control of their faces and I wanted to take that away. With Parkinson’s we sometimes show what we are feeling and at other times we give our faces no clues at all.

What did your subjects think after seeing the photos of themselves?

They were amazed at what they looked like. The most common answer was that they never thought trying to express a specific emotion with a face full of water would be so hard. 

Would you say the photography has been a way of coping with Parkinson’s?

Yes, totally, all other artistic avenues that I found joy in are a struggle now. Light and dark are my colours and the camera is my brush. I still can create.



What have you got planned for the future?

With the help of my friends, 11 of the 44 images that were taken have been printed and framed. They will be shown during the Ballarat International Foto Biennale in Australia from 22 August until 20 September.

What is the treatment and care of Parkinson’s like in Australia?

I can only answer from my experience, treatment is hit and miss, you get drugs thrown at you to try. If they work, you stay on them, and then next meeting you may get another drug thrown at you. Don’t get me wrong the doctors are great, but I think that there is still too little known to automatically get it right.

How important is it to have an international community for Parkinson’s?

It’s very important that the right information is circulated. With a community dedicated to Parkinson’s, a lot of hearsay is weeded out and help is given by those with experience and expertise, rather than guesswork.

Do you or a loved one experience facial masking? Tell us about the time it affected you and leave us your thoughts in the comments below

A collection of Chris’ images will be on display at the Ballarat International Foto Biennale, Australia, from 22 August – 20 September 2016

You can get in touch with Chris via email


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  • Geoff Cooper

    what a brilliant idea from an extremely talented photographer, Chris thanks for sharing your story on Parkinson’s and the things that your not able to do and that we take for granted.

    • Chris Crossley

      Thank you Geoff 🙂

  • Kate Stone

    Chris, I’ve had Parkinson’s since 2001. I’m now 43. I’m a writer, photographer, graphic designer and web designer/developer. I’ve found that I live much of my life on the digital page, whether in words or in images, because it’s very difficult for me to emote in person, especially in a group – or that’s the perception that people have. I’ve been called rude, ice queen, inattentive, uncaring, unfeeling – you name it. Thank you for producing such amazingly beautiful images that tell a story simply by their absence of control and expression. Who knew a picture could tell, not a thousand words, but just a few; don’t judge a book by its seemingly stalwart cover.

    • Chris Crossley

      Hi Kate..thank you 🙂
      And that was partially my aim in using non PD subjects, so that once they went through with the shoot. they too gained an understanding of what we face daily.

  • Lars Bo

    Chris´, Thanks for creating this series, I have been thinking about a similar project , or at least a way to Express the captivity it is to live with PD.
    You have inspired me to start the project and commit myself to creating it, I roughly know the format and form I will use, the rest is just Work my goal is to have it done in the next 6-9 months
    (oh Yes, I am an aktive member od PD movement )
    Lars Bo

  • loganspappy

    Great work. This like an accidental scientific discovery. The distraction effect may have been known, but this is a specific type of observation. Timing could be employed to make it measureable. New methods of measuring are discoveries. It also provides support or negation for theories as to how PD is affecting the brain.

  • Archannette Riley

    Chris thanks for showing people what it feels like to have PD, from our perspective. Diagnosed in 2000 at 42. I do my best to live a productive life. I laugh out loud everyday, mostly at myself dealing with the symptoms! Of course it’s a challenge everyday but I know that we must have a good attitude, sense of humor and hope! I will continue to laugh and keep my attitude positive and hope for a cure. Keep smiling!

  • Gerald Ganglbauer

    Interesting, these frozen moments. I‘ve done something similar, showing changes to my face over time. Some folks didn’t notice them unless they knew me before … Have a peek:

  • June Noodt

    Everyone looks so young in the pictures

  • Cynthia Berreau

    Last year for his birthday I had some portraits taken of me for my husband. He was confused, especially by the one in which I was staring into the camera headon — no expression. I wanted him to have some pihotos of me bwfore PD took away my ability to smile completely. Already there are many days when he asks “why are you so grumpy?” I hate having to explain everytime. I am fearful that by his next birthday I will no longer be able to ‘smile for the birdie’

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